Anti-radiation shields in modular X-ray laboratories

Modular construction in the medical sector.

Modular solutions make it possible to build modern medical facilities very quickly. Such technology allows for the creation of temporary places of admission for patients, e.g. in connection with natural disasters, an influx of people or a pandemic.

Modular construction will work in cases where a quick solution is required with the reduction of construction difficulties for special-purpose facilities.

Construction projects with the use of spatial prefabricates are more frequently used in the medical sector such as hospitals, clinics, laboratories, CT, PET-CT, X-ray and MRI treatment rooms.

Such solutions will improve diagnostics and allow for a quicker start of appropriate treatment of patients in the highest quality environment.

Medical door used in a modular diagnostic imaging laboratory

- TEST ROOM with protective covers to enable work with CT

• X-ray anti-radiation hinged door, ID-Pb type

Lead insert: Pb = 2mm,

Prepared openings in the wall: 1350x2100 mm allowed the use of single-leaf doors having a clear passage with an open leaf of 90 degrees [mm] (So x Ho) 1200x2040 mm.

The door is mounted on 4 galvanized hinges painted on Ral9006. A system cassette lock with an anti-panic handle made of stainless steel.

Hygienic anti-radiation X-ray window

Glass with lead equivalent: Pb = 2mm

In the wall connecting the research room with the control room, a protective X-ray vision window, 1000 x 800 mm, was installed in the form of a hygienic composite glass flush with the development panel.

- CONTROL ROOM

Medical sliding door

Prepared openings in the wall: 880x2100 mm allowed the use of sliding doors with a clear passage (So x Ho) 800 x 2060mm. On the outside, the sliding door has a TUBE handrail made of stainless steel and on the inside, a recessed handle made of stainless steel. One-sided lock with key + knob. The door frame is made of an angular frame in RAL 9010 color. The upper part of the sash is specially reinforced for mobile devices.

Medical hinged door type ID-M

Prepared holes in the wall: 950x2100 mm allowed the use of single-leaf doors with a clear passage with an open leaf of 90 degrees [mm] (So x Ho) 800x2040 mm. (entrance from the control room to the vestibule)

- CHANGING ROOM

• Type ID-M medical swing door

Prepared wall openings: 1150x2100 mm allowed for the use of single-leaf doors with a clear passage with an open leaf of 90 degrees [mm] (So x Ho) 1100x2040 mm.

The leaf is mounted on 3 galvanized hinges painted on Ral9006. Cassette lock, one-sided cylinder with a key + a knob and a stainless steel handle. Aluminum corner frame.

- WAITING ROOM

ID-M internal doors

Prepared holes in the wall: 950x2100 mm allowed the use of single-leaf doors with a clear passage with an open leaf of 90 degrees [mm] (So x Ho) 800x2040 mm.

The X-ray laboratory can be comprehensively prepared for autonomous operation!

The expansion possibilities of the module are limited only by the area of the site and the budget. The building can be secured with additional auxiliary facilities: social and technical rooms, toilets, doctors' room, description room, and rooms for any other functions.

Modular construction as an alternative to building a traditional X-ray laboratory

· saving space, lack of space inside the hospital for the location of the laboratory,

· shortening the investment process to 50%,

· about 90% of construction takes place outside the hospital premises,

· for a ready closed building in the Plug & Play formula, all you need to do is connect the utilities and electricity,

· for faster commissioning of a modular studio,

· the possibility of easy expansion and modification of a modular building,

· individual configuration of the module according to the client's requirements and spatial possibilities,

· for the mobility of modules, the possibility of relocation,

· simple change of utility functions,

· high durability and resistance to weather conditions,

· with parameters corresponding to buildings in traditional technology.

· Easily installed in an existing hospital area with minimal interference with the daily routine.

· the solution may be permanent or temporary, e.g. in the case of renovation of an existing studio.

Remember that the module is not a classic container that is limited by specific parameters.

Anti-radiation shields 

Interventional radiology is an exceptionally sensitive child of medicine due to the range of needs regarding X-ray protection. It is characterized by high doses of radiation to which patients and staff performing procedures in this field are exposed. An essential method of protecting medical personnel is by optimizing the doses to which patients are exposed. Besides, there are other protection methods to consider: time, cover and distance.

The vast majority of the scattered radiation during the examination of the patient spreads in the direction from which the beam falls. Being aware of this allows you to effectively minimize the risk by using lead protection for walls, doors and windows.

The area of the x-ray room should be at least 15 m2. The area of the X-ray room includes the area of the control room.

In order to separate the switchgear or control room from a part of the office or a separate room, a well-protected partition wall is necessary, often equipped with a window with a protective glass and an X-ray door. It can also be a corridor, provided that it is a communication route intended only for the personnel of the X-ray laboratory.

In x-ray diagnostic rooms, the control room can be located inside the office behind a protective screen.

Modular construction currently has many applications, including the construction of: commercial buildings, offices, schools, hotels, retail outlets, and temporary housing. However, recently it is the medical sector that shows the greatest interest in prefabricated modular structures.

FLUX MEDICAL offers comprehensive implementation of diagnostic laboratories from design, through the supply of equipment to finish the workshop "turnkey" in cooperation with the best suppliers.

Published 17 Mar 2022